Disaster Management Department (DMD)
The Disaster Management Department (DMD) was established in 1990 by the Disaster Relief Coordination Act No. 9 of 1990. The Regulations government the Department’s operations were laid down in 1991.
Functions of DMD
• Coordination and Operations
• Planning and Research
The DMD primary function is coordination of disaster management activities in the country. It seeks to ensure that in times of disaster, appropriate response systems, procedures and resources are in place to assist those afflicted and enable them to help themselves. The Department is also charged with the responsibility to coordinate disaster preparedness efforts and activities in order to minimize the adverse effects of hazards through effective precautionary measures and to ensure timely appropriate and efficient organization and delivery of emergency.
According to the Disaster Vulnerability Analysis carried out by the DMD in 2001 in 57 Districts in Tanzania Mainland, most common hazards liable for disasters in Tanzania were epidemics, pest infestation, drought/famine, floods, fire, major accidents, cyclone/strong winds, refugees, conflicts/Internal Displaced Persons (IDPs), landslides, explosions, earthquakes and technological disasters.
Disaster Management Department is since January 2001 implementing a 30-month Programme to strengthen the Country’s capacity in disaster response. The programme was an outcome of the terrorist act of August 7th, 1998 of bombing the US Embassy in Dar es Salaam. The experience of the incident revealed some weaknesses in disaster preparedness and response capabilities in the Country. As a result to this situation, the US Congress allocated a Special appropriation of funds to USAID mission to Tanzania for use in the following programmes:
· Providing humanitarian assistance to bomb victims
· Rehabilitation/reconstruction of the damaged property and
· Strengthening Tanzania Disaster Response Capacity.
The current Disaster Management Structure in Tanzania was put in place by Act of Parliament passed in 1990 (Disaster Relief Coordination Act No.9 of 1990). According to this Act, the structure comprises of TANDREC and Disaster Relief Coordination Unit (now Disaster Management Department) at the National level. TANDREC has two sub-committees namely: Disaster Operation and Preparedness Sub-Committees (DOPC) and Food Emergency Sub-Committee (FEC). From the National level, the structure goes down to the region, district, ward and village where there is disaster committee at each level.
1.1 National Level
§ Tanzania Disaster Relief Committee (TANDREC) &
§ Disaster Management Department (DMD)
Composition of TANDREC
TANDREC is made up of Permanent Secretaries from Government Ministries or any other agencies determined by the Prime Minister as having a key role in disaster preparedness and response. The Permanent Secretary in the PMO chairs the Committee.
Functions of TANDREC:
§ To oversee and coordinate the activities of the Government designed to secure the effective prevention of disasters
§ To oversee the preparedness and operation of affairs in the event of a disaster and
§ To guide, direct, approve and control the activities of the Disaster Management Department as well as activities of the Sub-Committees
1. Disaster Operations and Preparedness Sub-Committee (DOPC)
2. Food Emergency Sub-Committee (FEC)
Composition of DOPC
Experts from TANDREC line Ministries (Ministries of Health, Works, Agriculture & Food Security, Home Affairs, Defense & National Service, Communication & Transport).
Functions of DOPC:
§ To provide technical information to TANDREC on matters related to disaster mitigation, preparedness and response in relation to their technical specialization and mandate.
Food Emergency Sub-Committee (FEC):
Composition of FEC
Is made up of members from the Disaster Management Department (DMD), Ministry of Agriculture & Food Security, FAO, the World Food Programme, Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) and any organization interested in emergency food distribution.
Functions of FEC
§ Need assessment and beneficiaries targeting
§ Relief supplies distribution
Disaster Management Department (DMD):
The Department is made up of two sections namely:
§ Planning & Research
§ Operation & Coordination
Functions of DMD
The DMD is charged with the following duties:
§ To coordinate all relief operations and preparedness measures;
§ To carry out or coordinate all research relevant to its functions in order to advise committee on measures necessary for disaster prevention;
§ To disseminate information on disaster operations, preparedness and prevention;
§ To convene and service meetings of TANDREC and execute its decisions;
§ To formulate the scope of disaster precaution plans and policies designed to govern them;
§ To review regularly and coordinate different disaster prevention measures
§ To recommend measures and methods for public awareness and understanding of disaster prevention activities/measures.
§ To advise TANDREC on legislation and authorization for better management of relief operations.
Regional Disaster Management Committee
Composition of Committee:
The Committee is formed by members of the Regional Administrative Secretariat, Civic organizations (NGOs & CBOs), Business Community Representatives, Leaders of Religious Organisations and the Prominent Persons in the Region. The Regional Commissioner (RC) chairs the Committee and Regional Administrative Secretary (RAS) is the Secretary.
Functions of the Regional Committee:
§ To monitor the hazards, risks and disaster threats and the conditions of vulnerable populations within the region
§ To conduct vulnerability analyses in disaster prone areas and prepare recommendations on reducing the vulnerability
§ To identify the training needs and conduct educational, training and public awareness
§ To mobilize and coordinate all intervention from other agencies
§ To support the implementation of disaster management programs agreed for the region
§ To mobilize financial and material resources required for disaster management.
District Disaster Management Committee
Composition of the District Committee:
The District Management Team (DMT) forms the Committee (Heads of Departments at the District level). Other members include Civic organizations (NGOs & CBOs), representatives from business community, leaders of religious organizations, and prominent persons in the district. The District Commissioner is the Chairman and District Executive Director is the Secretary of the Committee.
Functions of the District Committee:
§ To monitor hazards, risks and disaster threats and the conditions of vulnerable populations within the district.
§ To conduct surveys on disaster prone areas and prepare recommendations for reducing their vulnerability
§ To identify and map all hazards in the district
§ To identify training needs and conduct educational, training and public awareness programmes
§ To mobilize financial and material resources needed for disaster management
§ To ensure that the support is delivered promptly to the affected communities
§ To establish a civil protection system for disaster response
Ward Disaster Management Committee
Composition of the Committee:
The Ward Disaster Management Committee is comprised of the Village Chairpersons, Village Executive Officers, Extension officers (agricultural extension officers, health workers, community development workers, adult education coordinators) religious leaders, traditional leaders, religious organizations and CBOs and NGOs. The Ward Councilor is the chairperson and the Ward Executive Officer (WEO) is the Secretary.
Functions of the Committee:
§ Preparation of plans and procedures for disaster management programmes in their respective locations
§ To take operational control in the event of a disaster or emergency so as to ensure that support is provided to the affected houses
§ Establish a fund for disaster management
§ Mobilization of needed financial and material resources for disaster management
§ Establish civic groups for disaster operations.
Village Disaster Management Committee
Composition of the Committee:
The Committee is comprised of heads of hamlets, religious leaders, and traditional leaders, civic organizations (CBOs & NGOs
The Village Chairperson chairs the Committee and the Secretary is the Village Executive Officer (VEO).
Functions of the Committee:
i) Identify and register families/people within families who should receive relief supplies
ii) Relief supplies distribution
iii) Disseminate information to members of the community on disaster related issues
iv) Mobilize communities to take disaster preparedness and mitigation measures such as improved faming techniques, revival of indigenous food storage and prevention techniques and planting of trees.
v) Conduct public awareness campaigns at the village level.