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United Republic of Tanzania  
  • Mwl. Julius K. Nyerere
  • Mh. Amani Abeid Karume
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Julius Kambarage Nyerere

Service History:
1962 - 1985 (President of Tanzania)

Personal Detail
Birth Date: 1922-04-13
Birth Place: Butiama - Musoma

Marital Status: Married


Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere was the first President of Tanganyika and later the United Republic of Tanzania. He was born on 13th April, 1922 at Butiama village, in Musoma District, Mara region. His father was Chief Nyerere Burito and his mother was Mrs. Christina Mugaya Wanyang’ombe. Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere got his primary education at  Mwisenge Primary School in Musoma Municipal and later joined Tabora Secondary School.

Between 1943 and 1945 Nyererre attended Makerere University, in Uganda's capital Kampala, obtaining a teaching certificate and in 1952 he obtained a master’s degree in History and Economics at Edinburgh University, England. Before the beginning of his political career, Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere taught at Tabora and St. Francis Secondary (now Pugu) Schools respectively.

Mwalimu Nyerere and other leaders in the first  phase directed their efforts towards uniting Tanzanians and establishing strong fundamental principles for building the Nation, consolidating freedom and peace as well as preparing ideologies and policies for eliminating ignorance, poverty and diseases.

This phase also laid down strong foundations for international relations, including the  non-alignment movement; emphasis on the liberation of the  African continent and fight against imperialists and neo-colonialism.

The Union between Tanganyika and Zanzibar; the Arusha Declaration; leadership ethics; and the formation of the East African Community are fruits of the efforts of the first phase government. Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere died on 14th October, 1999. Due to his immeasurable contribution as the founder of this Nation, Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere will continue to be remembered as The Father of the Nation.

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