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United Republic of Tanzania  
 
  • Mwl. Julius K. Nyerere
  • Mh. Amani Abeid Karume
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Home Our NationTanzania ProfileDemography

Over the period from 1967 to 2010 the population of Tanzania has almost increased four fold. The rate of population growth has varied over this period.  The Population has grown from 12,313,469 persons in the first post-Independence Census in 1967 to 43,188,000 as of the estimated population 2010.

The number of people per square kilometre of land area, or population density in Tanzania varies considerably from Region to Region. People are particularly concentrated in Dar es Salaam Region (3118 persons per square kilometre) and Zanzibar Urban West (2101 persons per square kilometre). The other Regions of Zanzibar and Mwanza Region are also relatively densely populated. 

More than 80% of the population is rural. The Tanzania population consists of  158 ethnic groups. The population also includes people of Arab, Indian, and Pakistani origin, and small European and Chinese communities.  

 

Demographic Indicators

Fertility               

Tanzania

Mainland

Zanzibar

Child-Woman Ratio                         

0.7

0.7

0.7

Mortality

     

Total Life Expectancy at Birth

55

55

59.5

 

Life Expectancy at Birth: Male

53

53

57.6

 

Life Expectancy at Birth: Female

56

56

61.3

 

Vital Rates

     

Growth Rate (Percent)

2.9

3.0

2.6

 

Annual births and deaths

     

Births

1,678,325

1,630,162

48,163

 

Deaths

573,213

560,748

12,465

 

Population

     

Sex Ratio (Male per 100 Female)

96.9

96.8

97.2

 

Urban (Percent)

26.3

25.8

42.9

Rural (Percent)

73.7

74.2

57.1

 

Population Density (Per Sq. Km

49

47

518

Source: NBS (2010)


SNo Demography Files / URL
1 Descriptive tables Tanzania Zanzibar 4.4 MB
2 Descriptive tables Tanzania Mainland 5.3 MB
 
Source: Government Portal Content Committee, Last Reviewed on : 2015-10-07 16:54:44
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