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United Republic of Tanzania  
 
  • Mwl. Julius K. Nyerere
  • Mh. Amani Abeid Karume
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Home Our NationCulture Ethnic Groups

Within the borders of Tanzania co-exist approximately 158 ethnic groups speaking languages representing all four major African language groups. These include Khoisan, or "click" speaking hunter-gatherers, Nilotic-speaking pastoralists (such as the Maasai), Cushitic speakers, and Bantu speakers; the latter predominate in terms of population size. Despite the tremendous cultural and linguistic diversity among Tanzanians, ethnic groups are united by the use of a common language - Kiswahili and a sense of national identity.


SNo Ethnic Groups Location Classification Dialect Alternative Name
1 Taturu Manyoni District-Singida Region, Hanaang District-Manyara Region Bajuta (Bajuuta), Barabayiiga (Barabaig, Barabaik, Barabayga, Barbaig), Bianjiida (Biyanjiida, Utatu), Buraadiiga (Buradiga, Bureadiga), Gisamjanga (Gisamjang, Kisamajeng), Rootigaanga (Rotigeenga, Rotigenga), Tsimajeega (Isimijeega). Sabaot is sprobably the most similar language. Barabaik and Kisamajeng dialects are very similar and are completely inherently intelligible. There are several other dialects or ethnic groups: Darorajega, Gidang’odiga, Bisiyeda, Daragwajega, Salawajega, Ghumbiega, and Mangatiga. Lexical similarity: with Kalenjin languages and Omotik of Kenya. Nilo-Saharan, Eastern Sudanic, Nilotic, Southern, Tatoga Datog, Datoga, “Mang’ati”, Tatog, Tatoga, Taturu
2 Sweta Musoma Rural and Tarime District-Mara Region Hacha (Haacha, Kihacha), Iryege (Iregi, Kiiryege), Kine (Kiine, Kikine), Kiroba, Kironi (Kikirone), Rieri (Rieri, Ryeri), Surwa (Kisurwa), Sweta (Kisweta). Lexical similarity: Simbiti dialect, Kuria and Suba of Kenya. Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, Kuria Kisweta
3 Sumbwa Bukombe District-Shinyanga Region Lexical similarity: with Nyamwezi , Sukuma and Nilambas. Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, Sukuma-Nyamwezi. Kisumbwa
4 Sukuma Kahama, Kishapu, Shinyanga Rural, Shinyanga Urban, Busega and Kwimba Districts-Shinyanga Region,Magu and Misungwi Districts-Mwanza Region, Bariadi and Maswa Districts-Simiyu Region Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, Sukuma-Nyamwezi. Gwe and Kiya. Dialects contiguous with Nyamwezi. Lexical similarity with Nyamwezi, Sumbwa, Nyaturu, Kimbu, Nilamba and Langi. Kisukuma
5 Subi Biharamulo District-Kagera Region Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, Haya-Jita. Kisubi
6 Sonjo Monduli and Ngorongoro Districts-Arusha Region Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, Kuria Reportedly shows similarities to Gikuyu of Kenya. GiTemi, Kisonjo, Kitemi, Sonjo, Wasonjo, Watemi
7 Songwe Chunya District-Mbeya Region, Iringa Region
8 Simbiti Tarime, Musoma Rural and Musoma Urban Districts-Mara Region Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, Kuria Hacha (Haacha, Kihacha), Iryege (Iregi, Kiiryege), Kine (Kiine, Kikine), Kiroba, Kironi (Kikirone), Rieri (Rieri, Ryeri), Surwa (Kisurwa), Sweta (Kisweta). Lexical similarity: Simbiti dialect, Kuria and Suba of Kenya. Kisimbiti, Kisuba, Simbiti
 
Source: Government Portal Content Committee, Last Reviewed on : 2015-10-08 07:33:32

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